Dufu had a famous poem named “Gazing at Mount Tai”, which said in this way
How is the view of Mount Tai?
Its greenness spans all of the Qi and Lu land,
A marvel done by nature’s hand
Over light and shade it dominates,
Clouds rise therefrom and brush my chest,
I strain my eye and see birds returning to the nest,
I must ascend the mountain’s crest,
It dwarfs all peaks under my feet
Many people yearned for Mount Tai because of this heroic poem.
Mount Tai, which was named Daizong in ancient times, covers an area of 426 square kilometers and rises 1545 meters above the sea level. It is honored as the “Head of the Five Sacred Mountains” and just like a moral monument of the Chinese nation.
“No mountain is larger than Mount Tai and no history is longer than that of Mount Tai”. A mountain may be famous for its wonder, its danger, its pretty or its beauty. But Mount Tai is famous for its majesty that can make people feel peace and heroes encouraged. Mount Tai is closely bound up with the Chinese culture and history of 5000 years and is the symbol of prosperous country. People in ancient times thought that the east was the origin of life and brought us hope and lucky because that the sun rises in the east. Meanwhile they took the majestic mountain in the east as a god and prayed the mountain for good luck and harvest. So Mountain Tai, the greatest mountain in the east became a auspicious mountain where the life originated and the gods lived in. And the emperors, who became the ruler according to the orders of the god , took Mount Tai as the symbol of united country and power. In order to express their thanks to the god, the emperors must come to Mount Tai to hold Fengshan ceremony. During Shang Period, the kings built East City at the foot of Mount Tai. During the Zhou Period, the kings built Nation Qi and Nation Lu taking Mount Tai as the boundary. It was said that there were 72 ruler coming to Mount Tai to hold Fengshan ceremony before Qin Dynasty. Then the First Emperor of Qin, the Second Emperor of Qin, Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, Emperor Guangwu of Han Dynasty, Emperor Zhang of Han Dynasty, Emperor An of Han Dynasty, Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty, Emperor Gao of Tang Dynasty, Wu Zetian, Emperor Xuan of Tang Dynasty, Emperor Kangxi of Qing Dynasty, Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty came to Mount Tai’an one after another. They held Fengshan ceremony or celebrated their success by carving rock inscriptions. Mount Tai was upgraded as a scared mountain because so many emperors of different dynasties took advantages of Mount Tai to strengthen their rule.
As a scared mountain, Mount Tai attracted many cultural celebrities. Many poets and literary persons of different dynasties came to Mount Tai one after another. They climbed Mount Tai and wrote poems or articles to praise Mount Tai such as Confucius, Guanzhong, Sima Qian, Zhangheng, Zhuge Liang, Liu Yuxi, Libai, Dufu, and Su Dongpo, Ouyang Xiu, Fan Zhongyan, Wang Shizhen, Yaonai, Guo Moruo. They left a lot of famous poems and articles on Mount Tai and provided the visitors a new view about Mount Tai instead of mountain worship.
It was said that if Mount Tai was stable so the world would be in peace. Mount Tai blends history, culture, natural scenery and geographical landforms together with its great tolerance. Mount Tai has been regarded as the symbol of stable nation, solid regime, prosperous country and ethnic unity since ancient times and is honored as the miniature of Chinese history and culture, the symbol of Chinese National Spirit and a national recognized scared mountain. In 1982, Mount Tai was named by the State Council as a key scenic spot of China. In 1987, it was listed as a UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage site.
Recommendation Reason: The name of Mount Tai is well known at home and abroad. It rises high in the east of China and blends long history, excellent culture and beautiful scenery together. It connotes the Chinese wishes for peaceful country and prosperous life and becomes the faith of Chinese Nation. It is aways said in this way “Climb Mount Tai to pray for safety”. As a national totem, Mount Tai represents the promise for peace and prosperity. No matter when and where, every Chinese can feel the power of Mount Tai and hear the best wishes for safety from Mount Tai.
Mount Tai Wonders
The Rosy Clouds at Sunset—— On clear days and after rains, when the sun goes down, if you are on the summit of Mount Tai and look up to the sky in the west, you can see many clouds just like mountains and the sunshine passing the clouds to the summit. Because of the sunshine, the clouds are bright with golden color and look like priceless treasures with radiance. “Who dyes the sky with a color pen, some are in dark yellow and some are in red”“the clear springs go down the mountains and the setting sun hangs over all the peaks.”
Buddha’s Light on Mount Tai—– In the morning or at the afternoon, when the visitors stand on the summit in the clouds and mist and look toward front light, they may see a colorful aureole above the mist and the people can be reflected inside the aureole just like the aureole above Buddha’s head. So this phenomenon of light diffraction is called Buddha’a light. It would appear with some conditions. It is recorded that the Buddha’s light on Mount Tai usually appears during June to August when the sunshine mixed with the fog and the sunlight slanted.
Sea of Clouds on Mount Tai—–Mount Tai’s cloud seas are really a wondrous spectacle. In the summer after the rain, a plenty of vapour evaporates upward and the warm air from the sea is controlled at the height of 1500 meters by the high pressure draft , if there is no wind, you can see a vast sea of clouds and mists mass together as huge patches of cloud and spread everywhere in no time at all. The cloud seas engulf all the mountains and only some peaks appear above the clouds. When the mountain wind blows up, the sky fill with clouds and mists and clouds spreads below your feet, transforming peaks into isolated fairly islets.Overwhelmed by such marvelous scenes, your thoughts and feelings surge along with the sea of clouds.
The Rising Sun at Dawn—-The sunrise on Mount Tai is splendid and deeply moving. When the first sunlight break up the darkness before the dawn and the sky in the east turn gray to pale yellow, then to red and finally to brilliant golden yellow with golden rays spray out. At last, a fire ball jumps out the sea and rises upward . This is just like an excellent magician who can make so many colorful and different pictures in one minute .
Watching sunrise from Mount Tai has been seen by visitors as a valuable life experience.
And many writers and poets praised the sunrise on Mount Tai.
- For hiking, (1) visitors can choose the Red Gate tour route,which usually takes 4 hours–7 hours to arrive the summit or climb to the middle of the mountain then take the cable car to the summit.
The Red Gate tour route is the most important mountaineering tourism route since ancient times and was the mountaineering route of the emperors. Along this route, there are the best scenic spots of Mount Tai with dense forest on both sides, bending rock steps, beautiful peaks and clear springs. There are also many historical and cultural sites on this route with 8 temples, over 200 steles and 300 rock inscriptions.
The main scenic spots of the Red Gate tour route are Daizong Archway, Temple of Guanyu, the First Gate to Heaven, Spot where Confucius stood on the mountain, Red Gate Palace, the Ten Thousand Immortals Tower, Revolutionary Martyrs Monument, Rock Inscription about Feng &Yue, Sanguan Temple, Doumu Palace, Yuanjun Temple, Sutra Rock Valley, Feng’an Monument, Cypress Hole, Hutian Pavillion, Huima Range, Half-way Gate to Heaven, Yunbu Bridge, Wudaifu Pine, Watching Pine, the Eighteen Bends, Shengxian Archway, South Heaven Gate, etc.
There are wonderful sceneries and long historical heritage sites from the Half-way Gate to Heaven to the summit.This route is perfectly good now after many years’ rebuilding. On this way,the stone steps are clean and solid, the temples are repaired at fixed period, precious trees and clear streams can be seen here and there, restaurants and teahouses sit in the quiet places. You can have a rest or order a cup of tea to sweep away your fatigue and enjoy the beautiful sceneries.If you have limited times, you can climb to the middle of the mountain then take the cable car which will take you about 7 minutes to the summit.
Entrance Ticket: 127 Yuan/Person
The Cableway from Half-way Gate to Heaven to the South Heaven Gate: 100 Yuan/One-way.
Tips:① For the people who climb Mount Tai for the first time, this route is highly recommended because you cannot know the real Mount Tai if you do not see the famous scenic spots along the route.
② Dai Temple could be the starting point to climb Mount Tai. (Ticket of Dai Temple is 30 Yuan). It is about 9.5 kilometers with more than 7000 steps on this route.It usually takes from 4 hours to 6 hours to arrive the summit. So visitors must have mental preparation before the climbing.
③Traffic Route: After you arrived Taishan Railway Station, you can take No.3 bus to Red Gate where you can start climbing or take No.3 or No.4 bus to Dai Temple. When you went out the back door of Dai Temple and finished your tour, you can go northward about 1.2 kilometers then you will arrive in Red Gate.
(2)Another tour route is starting from Tianzhu Peak, which is a route full of green .
From Tang Village,which is in the east of Tai’an, along Taifo Road, go northward then arrive in Saozhu Valley of Aiwa Village, Dajinkou, that is the Tianzhu Peak Tourism Zone of Mount Tai. This route is full of mountain fun and suitable for hiking.
Tianzhu Peak got the name because it looks like a candle and there is a pine on the summit just like the flame of the candle. Visitors can enjoy the beautiful scenery and quiet environment with fresh air, flowery flavor and birds’ song along this route.
This route is about 5.4 kilometers.The main scenic spots on this route are Xianhe Bay, Wangtian Gate, the Big Tianzhu Peak and Small Tianzhu Peak, Jiangjun Hill, Huanghua Shed, Laojun Temple, Yuanjun Temple, Liandong Temple, Practice Place of Yong Lady, Jiulong Hill-rock, Sisters Pine, Crouching Tiger Pine. The Big Tianzhu Peak and Small Tianzhu Peak are the most famous of all the scenic spots, so the whole mountain is named Tianzhu Peak.
Houshiwu Tour Route is the best for adventure and DIY tour. It is 20 kilometers away from the Taishan Railway Station. If you climb Mount Tai along this route, you can see the original landscape pf Mount Tai and return to nature .
This route is full of the excellent and secret sceneries of Mount Tai with old trees, clear streams and majestic mountains. If you are a shutterbug, you may want to put up your camera everywhere. And the best old pines of Mount Tai are also in this area.There is an Old Pine Garden here near to Tianzhu Peak.Various pines stand on the cliff or the peak or the rock tunnels in different poses and with different expressions. The most famous pines are Sister Pines, which are two ancient pines standing side by side like sisters and Crouching Tiger Pine, which lies on the slope with old and strong branches.
During the tourist rush season,when other routes are overcrowded, this route would be a better choice for the experienced tourists.
Entrance Ticket:127 Yuan/Person
Houshiwu Cableway: 20 Yuan/Person
Time: From 3 hours to 4 hours
Tips: ① Visitors who take the bus or cableway from the southern side of the mountain can choose this route to go downhill. So you can avoid the same route and see more beautiful places of Mount Tai. And when you go downhill you can check in the hotel beside the entrance gate, which is clean, quiet and elegant.
②There are less shops and stalls along this route. So it’s better to take some water and food in case you may hunger on the way.
③ Visitors can take No.19 bus from the railway station to this area. But please take your attention that the bus will stop service after 5:00 pm.
2.If you are planning to take the tourist bus ,(1) you can take the tourist bus from the Taiwaicun Square to Half-way Gate to Heaven, then you can start your mountain hiking or take the cable car to the summit,which is the most convenient route for climbing the mountain.Thanks to the modern technology, that provide a quick and convenient way to climb mountain. Instead of a tired journey with heavy sweat, you can just enjoy the journey based on the convenient transportation. Start from Taiwaicun and along the Huangxi River go upward through 13 kilometers of the ring-mountain road, you will arrive Half-way Gate to Heaven. The first half of this route is the ring-mountain road of about 14 kilometers. The last half of this route is the mountain cable-way of 2078 meters.
The main scenic spots of this route are in three areas. There are Tianwaicun Square, Feng Yuxiang Tomb, Black Dragon Pool, Baizhang Cliff, Yinyang Boundary, Long Life Bridge near the entrance area. In the middle area, there are Mati Valley, Xiangyou Bay, Shuntian Bridge, Tongtian Bridge, Half-way Gate to Heaven. There are Zengfu Temple, Three Miles Flat Road, Sword-like Rock, Yunbu Bridge, Wusong Pavillion, Duisong Mountain, Eighteen Bends, South Heaven Gate above the middle area.
Entrance Ticket: 127 Yuan/Person
Bus Ticket: 30 Yuan/Person (one-way)
Tips: ①For the consideration of safety, the Management Committee of Mount Tai Scenic Zone carried out traffic control, all the visitors must transfer the tourist bus in Tainwaicun Square. As long as you bought a ticket of this Hop-on and hop-off bus, you can have a tour in any places you are interested on the way.
② Although this route is quick and convenient, you may miss a lot of wonderful scenic spots. It is suggested that when you arrive Half-way Gate to Heaven, you can go upward along the traditional road to the summit.
③The Heaven and Earth Square is less than 2 kilometers away from the railway station and old bus station in the north. You can spend 2 Yuan to take No.3 bust to the square. If you take a taxi, you may spend within 10 Yuan.
(2) There is also another convenient route in the west of the mountain named Peach Blossom Valley. You can take the tourist bus from the Peach Blossom Valley to the Peach Blossom Ravin and take the cable car to the summit. It is about 13 kilometers from the Valley to the Ravin. It is said that all the valleys were full of peach blossom in ancient times. So the upside area of this route got the name Peach Blossom Ravin and the lower area was called Peach Blossom Valley. Both sides of this route are streams. The visitors can enjoy the water fun along this route. The famous scenic spots on this route are Yuanjun Temple, Colorful-stone Stream, Fishing Terrace, Thread Spring,Yuanbao Stone, Walnut Garden, Niujiao Cave, Yellow Rock Cliff, Parrot Cliff, Houchou Valley, Peach Blossom Ravine. There is a ropeway on Peach Blossom Ravin which is the single-cable reversible and detachable cabin-lift ropeway between Tai’shan Colorful Rock Stream Scenic Spot and North Heaven Street of the summit.
Entrance Ticket: 127 Yuan/Person
Bus Ticket: 30 Yuan/Person (one-way)
Ticket of Taohuayuan Ropeway: 100 Yuan/Person (one-way)
Tips: Self-drive visitors can go along the National Road No.104 to the entrance of the mountain, which is 2 kilometers away in the east of the National Road. There is an obvious sign of the scenic zone by the National Road.
① It is better to have a tour along this route in spring or summer, especially in spring when the peach flowers are in blossom.
②Taochuanyuan Ropeway is designed for sky viewing. You can look down the peaks, valleys ,forests, bends and visitors in the cable car.
③You can take No.16 bus in Taishan Railway Station to the Peach Blossom Valley. Please take your attention that the bus will stop service after 5:00 pm.
Ticket of Mount Tai：Busy Season 127 Yuan/person
Slack Season 102 Yuan/person
Address: No.45 Red Gate, Taishan District, Tai’an